Sustainable development in spatial planning and the European Ecological Network Nature 2000
Legal provisions concerning spatial planning and the European Ecological Network Nature 2000 are closely linked to the concept of sustainable development. The Nature Conservation Act of 16 April 2004 includes a definition of the integrity of the Nature 2000 area as the cohesion of structural and functional factors determining the duration of sustainable populations of species and natural habitats, for the protection of which the Nature 2000 area has been designed or designated. By way of systemic interpretation the law allows coexistence of Nature 2000 and sustainable development in spatial planning. Sustainable subsistence of the population and species habitats determined in the Nature Conservation Act is a part of the concept of sustainable development. Planning procedure must specifically include areas that have special meaning to nature. To this end, prior analysis of the legal documents being in force on the area should be done followed by designing of the local plan.